February 24, 2024

The Holocaust Museum and the Jewish community in Porto, Portugal commemorated the International Day for the Fight Against Antisemitism to mark the anniversary of Kristallnacht. The ceremony featured the lighting of a memorial flame in front of 500 students from schools across Portugal. Dr. Michael Rothwell, the Museum’s director, spoke to the crowd about his grandfather’s experiences during the pogrom that marked the beginning of the Holocaust. The museum, the only such museum on the Iberian peninsula, is run by members of the local community and often hosts school trips, being visited by approximately 100 thousand school children and students during the last two years. Kristallnacht marks the night of November 9, 1938 when Jews were attacked in a pogrom across the lands controlled by Nazi Germany. Thousands of Jews were killed, and many Jewish businesses and synagogues were smashed and burned, marking the opening salvo of what would become the Holocaust.