A commission of the British medical journal The Lancet has released a 73-page report discussing medical atrocities committed under Nazism and during the Holocaust. The report, co-written by 20 leading scholars from the US, Europe, and Israel, debunks long-standing misconceptions about medicine in the Nazi era and addresses the critical role that health professionals played in formulating and carrying out antisemitic, racist, and inhumane policies during that time. The authors call on institutions to incorporate the study of medicine, Nazism, and the Holocaust into the curricula for health professionals and professionals’ continued education. They urged medical schools and research institutes to implement evidence and recommendations from the report to strengthen medical education and ethics today. The report also addresses the need for medical professionals to recognize the ethical transgressions and crimes of the past and to stand up to wrongdoing when necessary. It provides additional resources and information for medical schools, research institutions, and medical associations worldwide and outlines recommendations to incorporate the study of medicine, Nazism, and the Holocaust into the curricula for medical students and health professionals, as well as to actively identify and commemorate victims of Nazi medical crimes.